Just how important is data? What measurement tools are out there? This range of insights should help you off the starting block.
While it may seem perverse to say so, in cold mechanistic terms the Earth’s value to humans lies in it providing us with the means to carry on doing stuff – not in either its inherent value (what we would pay to keep it) or in its value when broken up and traded (what we would get if we sold it).
A focus upon social utility – the overall wellbeing that a company brings to society – is a defining characteristic of the companies that will thrive and shape the 21st century.
Using a comparable metric like money as a way to put things on a level playing field makes sense, but only up to a point.